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Recent VC Investment Trends Over Time

Written By: Gargi Sarma, Senior Industry Analyst at Global Launch Base 


VC is a dynamic field influenced by market developments, economic shifts, and regulatory changes. This essay explores the transformative paths of venture capital investments in India, Europe, and Latin America, each offering a unique tapestry of opportunities and challenges.

India is emerging as a VC hotspot, driven by a growing middle class and a thriving startup ecosystem. Europe boasts a vibrant venture capital industry, promoting innovation with a focus on sustainability. Latin America, with its youthful, tech-savvy populace, is experiencing its own venture capital growth amid increasing digitalization.

We will examine qualitative shifts in investment strategies, industry preferences, and emerging opportunities alongside quantitative changes in financing patterns. Each region tells a unique story of venture capital evolution, from India's burgeoning fintech sector to sustainability-driven projects in Europe and the rise of innovation hubs in Latin America.


Figure 1: India VC Deals by Sector (%) 2012-2023

Figure 2: India VC - Capital Raising (in Billion USD)

India’s VC landscape has seen significant shifts in recent years. Here are some key points from the India VC Report 2024 by Bain & Company:

  1. Moderation in Funding: In 2023, VC funding in India declined from $25.7 billion to $9.6 billion, reflecting global caution on risk capital. Despite this decline, India remained the second-largest destination for VC and growth funding in Asia-Pacific.

  2. Sector Dominance: Tech-first sectors such as consumer tech, fintech, and software & software-as-a-service (SaaS) continued to dominate, attracting nearly 60% of funding. However, their salience reduced as investors shifted focus to traditional sectors like banking, financial services, and insurance (BFSI), healthcare, electric mobility, and generative artificial intelligence (AI).

  3. Deal Volume and Size: Deal volume decreased from 1,611 to 880 deals, and average deal size declined from $16 million to $11 million. Mega-rounds plummeted by almost 70%, while small and medium deals (less than $50 million) witnessed milder compression.

  4. Resilience Amidst Challenges: Despite the decline, India’s medium-to-long-term prospects remained optimistic, with green shoots in areas like direct-to-consumer (D2C) offline/online subsectors and generative AI.

Figure 3: Sector-wise Investment Firms (Source: Fintrackr)

According to information gathered by Fintrackr in Figure 3, about 40 investment firms—including debt, equity, and venture capital—have said that they will concentrate their new fund on fintech entrepreneurs. Funds targeted at SaaS, healthcare, edtech, and agritech firms followed next on the list. The increase in healthcare-focused investment enterprises seems to be related to the ongoing pandemic.


Venture capital investments in Europe have also evolved. Here are some insights from Statista:

  1. Investment Trends: Europe has seen a surge in venture capital investments. In 2022, the total value of venture capital investments in European startups reached billions of U.S. dollars.

  2. Sector Focus: While specific sector data for the last five years is not readily available, Europe has witnessed active investments across various sectors. Notably, the region has several venture capital unicorns (startups valued at $1 billion or more) in technology and other domains.

  3. Top Venture Capital Firms: Some of the top venture capital firms in Europe include those with a strong focus on startups and emerging companies. These firms play a crucial role in shaping the European startup ecosystem.

Figure 4: VC Funding in Europe per Sector (2018 - 2023 YTD)

Figure 5: VC Funding into Industrial Tech Sub-Categories in Europe

Latin America:

Latin America’s venture capital scene has been gaining momentum. Here are key points from Statista and other sources:

  1. Growth Potential:

  • Venture capital investments in Latin America surged in the last decade, especially in 2019. In that year, investments in startups reached an estimated $4.6 billion, a remarkable 300% increase compared to 20171.

  • More than 1,700 companies have raised seed and early-stage VC funding in Latin America since 2019.

  1. Investment Trends:

  • Leading Sectors: Fintech and logistics/distribution dominate VC investment deals in the region. These sectors accounted for over half of all transactions in Latin America in 2019.

  • Top Deals: Notable startups like Rappi (Colombia), Nubank (Brazil), and Ualá (Argentina) received substantial investments.

  • Country Distribution: Brazil led the way, receiving more than half of all VC deals in the region, followed by Mexico, Argentina, Chile, and Colombia.

  1. High Risk and High Rewards:

  • Risk: VC investments carry a high level of risk. Only a small portion of the companies invested in can develop into successful and high-return businesses.

  • Rewards: Successful investments can yield substantial returns, making VC an attractive source of capital for entrepreneurs.

Figure 6: Annual Investments in Latin America, 2016-2023 (Source: LAVCA)

Figure 7: Quarterly VC Investment in Latin America by Stage (USDb), 2016-2023 (Source: LAVCA)


Venture capital investments have witnessed dynamic shifts across these regions. India, despite facing challenges, remains a tech-driven hub, with fintech and generative AI gaining prominence. Europe continues to attract investments, particularly in the US-led ecosystem. Meanwhile, Latin America has experienced remarkable growth, with the fintech and logistics sectors leading the way. While risks persist, the potential rewards make venture capital an exciting avenue for startups and investors globally. 

About Global Launch Base:

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